CONSTRUCTIVE-GEOGRAPHICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE HEALTH OF THE POPULATION OF THE VOLYN REGION AS AN INDICATOR OF THE GEOECOLOGICAL STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT
Keywords:environment, territorial community, district, disease.
The purpose of the study is to analyze the state of health of Ivanychiv district of Volyn region, as an important indicator of the geo-ecological state of the environment. The scientific work used such methods of geographical research as: historical, comparative-geographical, cartographic, mathematical, observation, generalization, analysis and synthesis. Using the statistical method, the indicators of diseases in the territory of Ivanychiv district by age and occupational composition were calculated. The method of geoinformation modeling allowed to build maps of grouping of disease indicators by types and retrospective of the study.
A constructive and geographical assessment of the incidence and condition of the health care system in the Ivanychiv district of Volyn region by types of diseases in a given period of time. It is noted that during this time the main diseases were tumors and diseases of the respiratory, digestive and cardiovascular systems. Radical changes in the structure of health care functioning should take place recently due to pandemic measures in Ukraine and the world. The negative impact of environmental pollution from economic activities in the area, the types of which together exert a strong man-made pressure on all components of the geographical shell, on the health of the population is substantiated. The scientific novelty lies in the constructive-geographical determination of the magnitude of the reflection on the state of morbidity of the population from the impact on the environment of economic species in the Ivanychiv district of Volyn region.
The results of the research can be used in the educational process of VSU named after Lesya Ukrainka in teaching geographical, economic and tourism disciplines. The results will find their application in the legislative and executive work of local governments in the development of programs of socio-economic development of territorial communities. The materials of the research will promote the rational use of anthropogenic resources and objects of social and household services in Volyn, which will allow to qualitatively influence the course of administrative reform. A number of provisions can be used in similar studies of the regions of Ukraine.
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